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Ignatian Spirituality

The following information is updated regularly; please submit additional links, documents, and other resources to JEllis@loyola.edu

Colleges and Universities

Boston College

The Center for Ignatian Spirituality at Boston College
This section of the web site contains web-accesible versions of some of the materials the Center publishes. We hope to develop it more fully in the future.
Some Materials:

Spiritual Resources:
Much effort is currently being devoted to finding ways to use the Internet as a medium for spritual resources such as guides to prayer. Ignatian and Jesuit spirituality, with its emphasis on adaptation to particular situations, is, of course, a natural candidate for such efforts. We will use this section of our web site to highlight some sites that are relevant to the Center's efforts. For a more exhaustive link list of prayer and spiritual resources on the web, we recommend that you visit Fr. Ron Anderson's Readings and Sites for the Spiritual Journey. Following any of these links will mean leaving the Center for Ignatian Spirituality's web site.

  • The Irish Jesuits' daily prayer site, Sacred Space
  • Creighton University's Online Ministries
  • The Monastery of Christ in the Desert, christdesert.org
  • Zen Website, do-not-zzz.com
  • The Word of God website

Recommended Readings on Saint Ignatius and His Legacy:

  • The First Jesuits. John W. O'Malley (Harvard University Press, 1993)
  • The Autobiography of St. Ignatius Loyola with Related Documents. Edited by John C.Olin (Translated by Joseph F. O'Callaghan) (Fordham University Press, 1992)
  • The Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius. Translation by George E. Ganss, S.J. (Loyola Press. The Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1992)
  • The Jesuits: Cultures, Sciences, and The Arts. 1540-1773. Edited by John W. O'Malley, S.J., Gauvin Alexander Bailey, Steven J. Harris, and T. Frank Kennedy, S.J. (University of Toronto Press, 1999)
  • Jesuits: A Multibiography. Jean Lacouture (Translated by Jeremy Leggatt) (Counterpoint, 1995)
  • Saint Ignatius Loyola Personal Writings. Translated by Joseph A. Munitiz and Philip Endean (Penguin Books, 1996)
  • Place Me With Your Son. James W. Skehan, S.J (Georgetown University Press, 1991)
  • St. Ignatius' Own Story: As told to Luis Gonzales de Camara. (Translated by William J. Young, S.J.) (Loyola University Press, 1998)
  • Loved For Who I Am. Carol Maria Martini (Redemptorist Publications, 2000)

Other Links:
Boston College ranks among the top 40 colleges and universities in the nation for its excellence in undergraduate and graduate programs. The University is determined to continue its focus on Catholic intellectual thought and its ongoing commitment to fortify its contributions to society and the world as a Jesuit institution of higher learning where Ignatian values are nurtured. As its stature grows in national and international recognition, Boston College continues to evolve as a model of education characterized by academic excellence, disciplined academics and spiritual inquiry.



Loyola Marymount
Spirituality Online http://www.lmu.edu/PageFactory.aspx?PageID=966
Links on this page are in two sections: Justice links and Prayer sites.

Justice Links:
Ignatian Solidarity Network A network that actively promotes communication, education, social justice awareness and action among Jesuit member institutions and individuals.
Jesuit Refugee Services
Jesuit Volunteer Corps
Ignatian Lay Volunteer Corps (for those who are 55 and older)
Human Rights Watch
Fr. John Baumann, SJ, is the Executive Director of the Pacific Institute for Community Organizing. PICO is highly effective in helping communities organize for local justice issues.
The Catholic Campaign for Human Development is the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' organization for social justice.
Catholic News Service is the most respected source of World news about matters relating to the Catholic Church.

Prayer Sites:
Sacred Space is one of the best Websites in the world for taking a "prayer-break."
Prayer Windows offers original art, together with suggestions for prayer.
http://www.staygreat.com/ Mark Link, SJ, author of the Vision series of Ignatian Spirituality books, offers Scripture and a brief reflection.
A Jesuit-Sponsored Prayer Ministry in Singapore is intended for "busy persons."
http://apostleshipofprayer.org/ The Apostleship of Prayer promotes devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, particularly through the daily Morning Offering of our prayers, works, joys, and sufferings for the intentions of the People of God.

St. Louis
www.slu.edu/iscv.xml: The Third National Ignatian Spirituality Conference

Loyola Chicago
Bibliography for Studies on Ignatian Spirituality http://www.luc.edu/jesuit/sheldrake.html
What follows is a critical bibliography on materials that may be helpful in the study of Ignatian Spirituality. This bibliography was prepared by Philip Sheldrake, SJ, and presented in his work, The Way of Ignatius Loyola: Contemporary Approaches to The Spiritual Exercises (The Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1991), a collection of essays taken from The Way, a journal on Ignatian spirituality. The Way of Ignatius Loyola is directed toward those desiring to learn about the present state of Ignatian spirituality.
Written by some of the world's leading Ignatian experts, the book provides a helpful introduction to the main elements of the text and a practical commentary on the dynamics of the Exercises. It also includes stimulating reflections on important features of Ignatian prayer and discernment, on spiritual guidance in the Ignatian tradition, and on the historical background and context.

Texts by Ignatius of Loyola

  • Autobiography
  • The Spiritual Exercises
  • Ignatius of Loyola
  • Ignatian Spirituality: General
  • The Spiritual Exercises: General Studies
  • Presenting the Spiritual Exercises
  • The Spiritual Exercises: Specific Elements
    a. Overall dynamic
    b. Principle and Foundation
    c. First Week
    d. The Kingdom
    e. Second Week
    f. The Two Standards
    g. Third and Fourth Weeks
    h. The Contemplatio
    i. Prayer in the Exercises
    j. Discernment, Election and Choice
    k. Spiritual Direction and the Exercises

Among more recent English versions are:
William Yeomans (trans.), Inig original testament (London, Inigo Enterprises, 1985).
William J. Young (trans.), St Ignatius' Own Story (Chicago, Loyola University Press, 1980 edition).
The Spiritual Exercises
The most commonly used text in English is that edited by Louis J. Puhl (Chicago, Loyola University Press, 1950).

A modern non-literal interpretation of the text is David L. Fleming, The Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius: a literal translation a contemporary reading (St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1979).
See also George E. Ganss, ed., Ignatius of Loyola: The Spiritual Exercises and Selected Works, Classics of Western Spirituality series (New York, Paulist Press, 1991).

Recent accounts of his life include:
Philip Caraman, Ignatius of Loyola (London, Collins, 1990).
Candido de Dalmases, Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, his life and work (ET. St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1985).
A brief but useful essay is that by Imhof in:
Karl Rahner and Paul Imhof, Ignatius of Loyola (ET. London, Collins, 1979).
A more specific perspective is provided by:
Andr? Ravier, Ignatius of Loyola and the Founding of the Society of Jesus (ET. San Francisco, Ignatius Press, 1987).

The best general introduction to Ignatian spirituality is recently published:
David Lonsdale, Eyes to See, Ears to Hear: an introduction to Ignatian spirituality (London, Darton, Longman & Todd, 1990).
A useful account of Ignatian prayer is provided by: Margaret Hebblethwaite, Finding God in All Things (London, Collins, 1987).
A classic and detailed, though dated, account is:
Joseph de Guibert, The Jesuits: their spiritual doctrine and practice (ET. St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1972).
Two provocative essays on contemporary historical and theological problems of interpretation are:
Philip Endean, "Who do you say Ignatius is? Jesuit fundamentalism and beyond", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 19, 5 (November 1987).
Roger Haight, "Foundational issues in Jesuit spirituality", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 19, 4 (September 1987).

A classic but controversial study is:
William A.M. Peters, The Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius: exposition and interpretation (Rome, Centrum Ignatianum Spiritualitatis, 1978 edition).
A critical study from the perspective of liberation theology is:
Juan Luis Segundo, The Christ of the Ignatian Exercises (ET. London, Sheed & Ward, 1988).
Gilles Cusson, Biblical Theology and the Spiritual Exercises, translated by Mary Angela Roduit and George E. Ganss (St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1988). This is an authorized translation of Cusson's Pédagogie de l'expérience spirituelle personelle: Bible et Exercises Spirituels.
Other recent short studies and essays include:
Brian McDermott, "With him, in him: the graces of the Spiritual Exercises", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 19, 4 (September 1986).
John Padberg, "Personal experience and the Spiritual Exercises: the example of St Ignatius", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 10, 5 (November 1978).
Peter Schinneller, "The approaches to Christology and their use in the Spiritual Exercises", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 12, 4-5 (September/November 1980).
John Sobrino, The Christ of the Ignatian Exercises, Appendix in Christology at the Crossroads (ET.London, SCM, 1978).
Although dated, a useful bibliography of works in English prior to 1981 is:
Paul Begheyn, "A bibliography of St Ignatius' Spiritual Exercises", Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 13, 2 (March 1981). This bibliography is updated to 1991 by Paul Begheyn and Kenneth Bogart in Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 23, 3 (May 1991).

Three of the best-known general aids for retreat directors are:
Marian Cowan and John Futrell, The Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius of Loyola: a handbook for direction (Denver, Ministry Training Services, 1981).
John English, Spiritual Freedom (Guelph, Loyola House, 1982).
David L. Fleming (ed.), Notes on the Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius of Loyola (St Louis, Review for Religious, 1981).
On presenting the 'Exercises in daily life' see:
Maurice Giuliani, "The Exercises in Daily Life", English edition of Progressio, Supplement 18-19, November 1981 (Christian Life Communities, Rome).
John Veltri, Orientations, volumes 1 & 2 (Guelph, Loyola House, 1979 & 1981).
Joseph Tetlow, Choosing Christ in the World (St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1989).
Gilles Cusson, The Spiritual Exercises Made in Everyday Life: A Method and a Biblical Interpretation, translated by Mary Angela Roduit and George E. Ganns (St Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1989). This is an authorized translation of Cusson's Conduis-mois sur le chemin d'éternité.
Also essays in:
"The Spiritual Exercises in daily life", The Way Supplement 49 (Spring 1984).

See the essays in Fleming, Notes, above. What follows is a selection of useful sources to complement the present volume:
Overall dynamic
Alexander Lefrank, "The Spiritual Exercises as a way of liberation: the social dimension" in The Way Supplement 46 (Spring 1983).
Joseph Veale, 'The Dynamic of the Exercises' in The Way Supplement 52 (Spring 1985).
Principle and Foundation
Andrew Hamilton, 'The right use of creatures' in The Way 26, 3 (July 1986).
Philip Sheldrake, 'The Principle and Foundation and images of God' in The Way Supplement 48 (Autumn 1983).
Joseph Tetlow, 'The fundamentum: creation in the Principle and Foundation', Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 21, 4 (September 1989).
First Week
Other essays in 'Presenting the First Week', The Way Supplement 48 (Autumn 1983).
Joseph Hitter, 'The First Week and the love of God' in The Way Supplement 34 (Autumn 1978).
Gerard W. Hughes, 'The First Week and the formation of conscience' in The Way Supplement 24 (Spring 1975).
Seamus Murphy, 'The mission to justice and giving the Exercises' in The Way Supplement 55 (Spring 1986).
The Kingdom
Robert L. Schmitt, 'The Christ-experience and relationship fostered in the Spiritual Exercises of St Ignatius of Loyola', Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 6, 5 (October 1974).
Robert L. Schmitt, 'Presenting the Call of the King' in The Way Supplement 52 (Spring 1985).
Second Week
Other essays in 'Aspects of the Second Week', in The Way Supplement 52 (Spring 1985).
The Two Standards
Dean Brackley, 'Downward mobility: social implications of St Ignatius' Two Standards', Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 20, 1 (January 1988).
Dermot Mansfield, 'Presenting the Two Standards' in The Way Supplement 55 (Spring 1986).
James McPolin, 'The Two Standards in Scripture' in The Way Supplement 55 (Spring 1986).
Aloysius Pieris, 'To be poor as Jesus was poor?' in The Way 24, 3 (July 1984).
Third and Fourth Weeks
Other essays in 'The Spiritual Exercises: Weeks Three and Four' The Way Supplement 58 (Spring 1987).
Peter Fennessey, 'The Third Week of the Exercises' in The Way Supplement 34 (Autumn 1978).
Brian McNamara, 'Prayer in Gethsemane' in The Way Supplement 27 (Spring 1976).
The Contemplatio
Michael Buckley, 'The Contemplation to Attain Love' in The Way Supplement 24 (Spring 1975).
Olga Warnke, 'The Contemplation to Attain Love' in The Way Supplement 58( Spring 1987).
Prayer in the Exercises
Essays in 'Prayer in the Spiritual Exercises', The Way Supplement 27 (Spring 1976).
George Aschenbrenner, 'Becoming whom we contemplate' in The Way Supplement 52 (Spring 1985).
George Aschenbrenner, 'Consciousness Examen' in Review for Religious 31 (1972), pp. 14-21.
John Ashton, 'The Imitation of Christ' in The Way Supplement 16 (Summer 1972).
Philip Sheldrake, Imagination and Prayer, Ch. 8 in Images of Holiness (Darton, Longman and Tood, London/Ave Maria, Notre Dame, 1987).
David Townsend, 'The Examen and the Exercises: a reappraisal' in The Way Supplement 52 (Spring 1985).
Discernment, Election and Choice
The most comprehensive contemporary study is:
Jules J. Toner, A commentary on St Ignatius' Rules for the Discernment of Spirits (St. Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1981).
Toner's latest work on the subject of discernment is Discerning God's Will: Ignatius of Loyola's Teaching on Christian Decision Making (St. Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1991).
A recent attempt to reassess the origins of the Rules for Discernment is:
Philip Endean, 'Discerning behind the Rules: Ignatius' first letter to Teresa Rejadell' in The Way Supplement 64 (Spring 1989).
A readable introduction is:
Thomas Green, Weeds among the Wheat (Notre Dame, Ave Maria, 1983).
Other useful essays include:
Lavinia Byrne, 'Asking for the grace' in The Way Supplement 64 (Spring 1989).
Nicholas King, 'Ignatius Loyola and decision-making' in The Way Supplement 24 (Spring 1975).
Michael Kyne, 'Discernment of spirits and Christian growth' in The Way Supplement 6 (May 1968).
Laurence Murphy, 'Psychological problems of Christian choice' in The Way Supplement 24 (Spring 1975).
Michael O'Sullivan, 'Trust your feelings but use your head: Discernment and the psychology of decision making', Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 22, 4 (September 1990).
Spiritual Direction and the Exercises
Paul Begheyn, 'Soul friend: the director in the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola' in The Way 29, 2 (April 1989).
Philip Sheldrake, St Ignatius Loyola and spiritual direction in Lavinia Byrne (ed.), Traditions of Spiritual Guidance (London, Geoffrey Chapman, 1990).
David Townsend, 'The counsellor, the director and the Annotations' in The Way Supplement 42 (Autumn 1981).

Source for this bibliography:

Philip Sheldrake (ed.), The Way of Ignatius Loyola: Contemporary Approaches to The Spiritual Exercises (St. Louis, Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1991).
Original Web Design: Fr. Richard VandeVelde, S.J., October 7, 1995
All contents copyright (C) 1995, Loyola University Chicago.

John Carroll
Link to the IGNIS Newsletter http://www.jcu.edu/isi/IGNIS/IGNIS.htm
Example of the newsletter http://www.jcu.edu/isi/IGNIS/newsletter2nddraft.pdf.pdf   

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