Loyola University Maryland

Loyola Ju-Jitsu Club

Maneuvers

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About Our Style

The Ju Jitsu that is taught by the Maru Dojo is Maru Ketsugo Ju-jitsu. This style is made up of several different styles of Ju-jitsu. Amoung them is Samuri Combat Ju-Jutsu, Small Circle Ju-Jitsu, Taiho Jitsu (Styles before 1882), Kodokan Judo, Ketsugo Ju-jitsu, Budoshin Ju-Jitsu, Haddo Ryu Ju-Jutsu, Seibukan Ninhon Ryiu Ju-Jutsu and Shuai Chiou a Chinese version of Ju-jitsu from the Kung Fu system.

What Is Honor

Good name or public esteem. One whose worth bring respect and/or fame. Honor is the feelings associated with a person. Honor is based on your actions and is the defining line by which all should be done. Everyone with knowledge of your actions places all actions associated with daily life in judgment. These judgments tend to dictate their actions with you in the future and as such should be held in high regards. Your honor is in your control and careful attention must be made against any degradation.

Spirit over Technique. Technique over Power.

Two warriors square off face to face. With an unspoken signal they begin. Their strikes are brutal. Their stances are balanced and their kicks are fierce. A strike to the face is blocked. Strikes to the knees are also blocked. On and on they go, each is competing for the superior position. Only one will achieve total victory. They fight. They battle. They will try to win by extreme power of body and quickness of hands and feet. This is the warrior way.

This is not the way of the Ju-jitsu student We are not warriors. We are survivors. Ju-jitsu students do not fight. They overcome their opponent by using specific techniques. The strikes of the attacker are systematically defeated one by one and the attacker is forced without power into total submission. Ju-jitsu students win by giving way to their attacker's advances. They achieve total supremacy with Quickness of mind and Strengths of spirit.

Ju-jitsu (the gentle art) is a very effective and potentially destructive martial arts. It is one of the most ancient martial arts. Even though it has been traced back as far as 230 BC, Jujitsu's origin is not completely agreed upon. Ju-jitsu is also the basis for many of the more modern arts, Including Judo (throws and leverage), Aikido (nerves and attacker momentum), Karate (striking and kicking).

A student proficient in the art has the ability of doing great bodily harm to his adversary. The practitioner also has the choice of causing his opponent to sense severe pain without any actual injury taking place. Because of this potential, the serious Ju-jitsu student also accepts a philosophy of non-violence: a physical confrontation should be avoided whenever possible. The Ju-jitsu student must adopt an attitude of self-control.

A properly trained student will do everything possible to avoid a physical confrontation. Not only because he knows that such a confrontation is unnecessary, but also because he knows that he has a better than average chance of successfully defending himself. Proving it is unnecessary; A physical confrontation is also philosophically degrading, as it indicates that all other means of avoidance have failed. If it is necessary to use Ju-jitsu against an adversary, the student must still use self-restraint and good judgment. He must use his knowledge only to protect himself and others from harm, and then only to the extent to protect and remove himself from the situation.

It is the inner peace and confidence that the student develops that make this possible. Patience is the key.

Maneuvering Strategies in Space       

To learn Ju-Jitsu the student must first understand about themselves and their relationship with the space around them. Space moves around us as we move through it. Time and distance is also a part of the equation.

Distance of the Attack

Distance includes three areas. The first (A in diagram) is the distance that is not physically reachable by either of the combatants, the attacker (uki) or the defender (tori). In this field no direct technique will address these kinds of attacks. This distance would include firearms and other projection weapons. To avoid these attacks the tori must use awareness, common senses and the knowledge of avoidance.

The second distance (B) is the longest distance at which the uki can strike any part of the tori. For example, if the uki wields a club, the second distance is from the end of the club to the closest striking point on the tori, say the forward hand. At this point you are in fighting range. You must meet the attack or avoid it entirely.

The third distance (C) is when the uki and the tori are in range to grab and grapple. Both uki and tori are able to claim the best and the worst of the situation. This is the area where technique and spirit come into play.

Full Attack Graph 

Attack Directions

Another concern is the direction of the attack. There are eight directions from which an attacker may choose to attack. It is impossible to face all eight at the same time. The tori must be able to sense the surroundings and use whatever is in those surroundings for an advantage, including the uki. By not staying in the same spot the tori decreases the uki's useable distance. The tori can also redirect the uki's attack to reach a more favorable position.

Distance 

Attack Height Levels

A third consideration is the vertical placement of the incoming attack. Ju-Jitsu has three general vertical zones: from the head to the waist (1), from the waist to the knees (2), and from the knees to the floor (3). It is important to keep in mind which attacks and defenses are effective at different levels. When both the tori and uki are standing, punches are most effect at level 1 and occasionally at level 2 (a strike to the groin for example). Kicks are confined almost exclusively to levels 2 and 3. A punch to level 3 or a kick to level 1 places the uki significantly off balance. Likewise, grapples are concentrated at level 1 and sweeps at level 3.

Keep these vertical levels in mind when an uki restrains the tori in some way. For example, if the tori's hands are immobilized, such as in a rear double hand grab or bear hug, the legs are still available for kicks. Areas in levels 2 and 3 (groin, knees, feet, etc) are still open targets for the legs. It would be a waist of effort and energy to attempt to use the arms in level 1 until the tori is no longer immobilized.

Levels 

Force

Once you have the distance and the direction of the attackers you must then concern yourself with the force. Most martial artists throw a punch using the hip to produce speed and power. The punch coming from the front of the uki is delivered in a straight line. From point-of-start to point-of-delivery the punch cannot change direction. This makes the speed and power unimportant. If you move out of its path of flight, the contact punch will miss. Force, or power, is always the greatest at the end of the punch or kick. By moving away from the end you decrease the time and energy it takes to avoid the punch. You move slower and take less effort to move the arm. Block the arm at the wrist with a parry and little force.

Redirections

When a punch is thrown, the target is in a direct line from the uki's shoulder. Once the punch is thrown you can block or evade. A hard style block takes the same force and speed to stop the punch as it does to throw the punch. By stepping to the side and redirecting the arm you can evade or parry with minimal effort.

8 Point Attack Graph 

Tasiabaki

Tai-sabacki (body movement) is one of the most important foundations for the art of Ju-jitsu. As the defender, we must think of ourselves as the center of a circle with our extremities as the spokes that radiate from our body to the edge of the circle. If an attacker strikes at us, we need to move out of the direct line of the attack. We deflect the strike, while continuing our direction in a circular motion. For example, rotating from position 1 to 6, or 1 to 3. Pivot only as much as you need. All of these movements should flow in a circular motion. In this way, rather than using all of our strength and energy, we are actually using our attacker's momentum in combination with our own. When going in a circular motion, follow the way in which your attacker's momentum is propelling him. Another way of using Tai-sabacki is to change the direction of the attacker. Once you have your attacker off balanced, the circular motion may be changed by pivoting the other way. Example: 1 to 5 clockwise then all the way around to 7 counter-clockwise. Make sure you use the direction of the attacker's momentum. This is usually less than 90 degrees to the right or left, or up or down from the direction of the attacker.

Happo-No Kuzushi

Another way to change the attacker's direction is by using Happo-No Kuzushi or eight directions of off-balancing. Kuzushi is the most important aspect of Ju-jitsu. It is also the most misunderstood. There are eight points or directions of off-balancing. If the uki is executing a right punch, his body is leaning towards his right (direction 2 in the figure above), by pushing his opposite shoulder back and continue his right should in the same direction, you will cause the uki to go off balance in the direction of the punch. For each direction you lead the uki, there will be a opposite lead to that direction. By gently leading the uki you can make them go in the direction you want. Once the uki is off balance you have the throw.

Mindset

Confrontation in any form is stressful. The best way to handle a physical altercation is by avoidance. You must be prepared. Once you have set yourself physically, you must prepare yourself mentally, by getting into the proper mind set. You must accept a totally different mental outlook than you're normally accustomed to. You must be prepared to get hit, or to do the hitting. Fight back no matter what the situation is. Do something. Remember that fighting back can include running away. Stay alive and safe.

You must be ready to act, perform, and follow through with what ever must be done, when it has to be done. Stay alert and aware of your surroundings at all times. There is only one rule in an attack situation, and that is to WIN. There is no such thing as dirty fighting while tying to protect your self. Win at any cost, in any way, by any means, and ignore decency, fair play, sportsmanship, compassion, and humanity.

When walking in an area, familiar or unfamiliar, you should become instantly suspicious of even a distant approach by a stranger. This should put your mind into defensive mode and make you ready if an attack comes. Know when to strike, where to strike (see chart), and how to strike.

Offensive and Defensive Mind

Defensive

  1. To set up a barrier or to deflect a moving object of aggression.
  2. To react secondary to an offensive movement, by either blocking, evading, or countering movements.

Offensive

  1. The ability to maintain a first strike action either with thought or physical action.

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