The links below will take you to descriptions of awards that you might be eligible for. In general, the rules, deadlines, and applicant pool remaind the same each year. Students who win awards quite often look one or even two years ahead. If you do the same, it will allow you to build on your strengths and correct your weaknesses.
For example, the Goldwater is available to both sophomores and juniors, but a summer internship between those years might narrow or broaden your application in a helpful way. The Truman scholarship is made to juniors, yet you can take steps toward it as early as your first year of university study. If you are planning to participate in a semester abroad program, that is an excellent time to lay the foundation for a Fulbright award. Similarly, a senior thesis or an independent study can often jumpstart other research questions that can be tackled after graduation.
First Year Students Sophomores Juniors Seniors
Graduate Students Alumni