Loyola University Maryland


David G. Crough, Ph.D.

David CroughProfessor Emeritus

Email: DCrough@loyola.edu


  • B.S., Ursinus College
  • M.A., The Catholic University of America
  • Ph.D. (Experimental, Physiological Psychology), The Catholic University of America

Scholarly Interests:

My research interests derive from intersecting areas of evolutionary and forensic psychology. The focus of my research is on violence prevention. Methods of improving self-defense self-efficacy for women are of special interest. Current research projects involve gender differences in threat perception, physical self-efficacy, assertiveness and vulnerability to assault. Several preliminary studies in the development of an attitudes toward self-defense scale and an attitudes towards weapons scale are ongoing.

Course Offerings:

PY412: Evolutionary Psychology
PY418: Special Topics in Psychology--Forensic Psychology
PY819: History and Philosophical Bases of Psychology

Rachel Grover

Rachel Grover, Ph.D.

Rachel Grover, Ph.D., has taught psychology at Loyola for over a decade, including courses in her favorite topic: heterosocial competence