Loyola University Maryland

Loyola Ju-Jitsu Club

Vocabulary

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Japanese Pronunciation

Short Vowels Long Vowels
A as in father A = A
E as in yes EI = e
I as in machine ii = i
O as in solo O = o
U as in rule U = u

Hold the long sounds at least twice as long as the short ones and don't let the sound change from start to finish.

When two vowels occur together in a work, let the pure quality of each one be heard, one after the other.

You may hear native speakers dropping the vowels i and u ( especially the latter in the work desu as shown here:

I like sukiyaki Watashi wa s''kiyaki go s'ki des ( dropped u's )

He worked in the northern branch office. K'ta no sh'ten de hatarakimash'ta ( droped i's )

Consonants

  • When the "r" appears within a word, pronounce it like the "dd" in the name Eddy
  • When the r appears as the first letter, prononce it " r "
  • The f is like the "h" at the beginning of the word hoot
  • g is always hard as in girl and glass
  • The h before i is pronounced like a harsh "sh" as in ship
  • The "ts" is like the sound in let's
  • n followed by a dot ( bon.yari ) is pronounced like the middle sound in singer
ICHI 1 一 NI 2 二 SAN 3 三 SHI 4 四 GO 5 五
ROKU 6 六 SHICHI 7 七 HACHI 8 八 KU 9 九 JU 10 十
NI-JU 20 二十 SAN-JU 30 三十 YONJU 40 四十 GO-JU 50 五十 HYAKU 100 百
STRIKES (TE TATAKU) KICKS (GARI)
RIDGE HAND......................................HAITO FRONT SNAP .........................MAE KEAGE GARI
LUNCH PUNCH............................OI TSUKI SIDE KICK..........................................YOKO GARI
REVERSE PUNCH................GYAKU TSUKI JUMP SIDE KICK.....................YOKO TOBI GERI
Rising Punch: Age tsuki
Hook Punch: Kagi tsuki
FORWARD PUNCH...................MAE TSUKI ROUND KICK.............................MAWASHI GARI
HAMMER FIST...................TETTSUI-TSUKI KNEE STRIKE........................................HIZA GERI
PALM HEEL............................TEISHO UCHI CRESCENT KICK......................MIKAZUKI GERI
SNAKE....................................................HEBI THRUST KICK...............................KEKOMI GERI
ELBOW STRIKE...............................HIJI ATE BACK KICK...................................USHIRO GARI
PUNCH................................................TSUKI COMBINATION ......................RENZOKUE GARI
KNIFE EDGE......................................SHUTO JUMP GICK ........................................ TOBI GARI
BACK FIST .....................................URAKEN SIDE THRUST KICK..........YOKO KEKOMI GERI
STRAIGHT PUNCH ............CHOKU TSUKI STAMPING KICK...............................FUMIKOMI
Nukite: Spear punch
BLOCKS (UKE) STANCES (DACHI)
INNER.......................UCHI UDE UKE WALKING STANCE ...............TSUGI ASHI
OUTWARD...............SOTO UDE UKE HORSE...................................KIBA DACHI
OUTWARD EXTENDED R/L FORWARD
DOWN & OUT.....????......SOTO UKE T-STANCE................................TEIJI DACHI
DOWN & IN......................???? UKE DUCK .....................................TORI DACHI
CROSS.............................................JUJI SNAKE ....................................HEBI DACHI
UPWARD..............................AGE UKE FIGHTING STANCE.................TACAWAZA
HEEL PALM...................TEISHO UKE PROTECTION STANCE......TENCHI KAMAE
Rising Block: Age Uke

Falls

MAE UKEMI ..........................FORWARD FALL
YOKO UKEMI...................................SIDE FALL
USHIRO UKEMI..............................BACK FALL
UE NI ATAMA URA...OVERHEAR BACK FALL
TORA UKEMI..................................TIGER FALL
GYAKU TORA...............REVERSE TIGER FALL
MAE .KAITEN .......................FORWARD ROLL
URA KAITEN...................................BACK ROLL

Parts of the Body

GROIN..............................................KE THROAT.............................................NOSO
ANKLE.............................ASHI, KUBI NECK.................................................KUBI
SHOULDER...............................KATA ARM.......................................................UDE
KNEE...........................................HIZA COLLARBONE............................SAKOTSU
FOOT / LEG.................................ASHI HEEL............................................KAKATO
HAND.............................................TE WRIST..............................TEKUBI / KOTE
Kote: Forearm THIGH................................................MATA
WAIST.......................................KOSHI ELBOW.................................................HEJI
HIP............................................KOSHI FINGER................................................YUBI
STOMACH.................................HARA HEAD, FACE, HAIR........................ATAMA
Kansetsu: Joint Nerve: Shioku
Wake: Armpit

General Terms (Formal)

Terms Used in Class

Thank you very much for the work out...Domo Arigato ne Undo Please practice with me .....Keiko onegai shimasu
YOUR WELCOME..........DO I TASHI MASH TE THANK YOU ( formal ) DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA
TURN TO PARTNER...................HOLTAGAMI. TACHIREI...............................STANDING BOW
COME TO ATTENTION....................KITSKAY .STUDENT.............................................GAKUSEI
START, BEGIN....................................HAJIMAE BLACK BELT RANK..............YUDANSHAKAI
STOP........................................................YAMAI BLACK BELT HOLDER..................YUDANSHA
RANK.. (WHITE - PURPLE.).........MUDANSHA SUKASHI..........AVOID OR EVASIVE ACTION
Muk So ..............to emptying of the mind PROTECTION STANCE......TENCHI KAMAE

Vocabulary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A
Age: Rising
Ashi: Foot/leg
Age Uke: Rising Block
Age Tsuki: Rising Punch
Atemi Waza: Striking Techniques
Ate: Smashing (Strike)
Atemi: Striking
Ageru: Raise or lift
Ashi Waza: Foot Techniques
Arnis: Club
Anza: Cross Sit
B
Bijutsu: Art
Bo: Staff
Bushido: Way of the Warrior
Block: Uke
Bokken: Wooden Katana
Budo: Artial Way.
C
Chi: Spirit/Inner strength, energy
Chudan: Middle
D
Dan: Level of black belt, from first dan to tenth dan
Dachi: Stance
Do: The Way
Domo arigatou gonzaimashita: Thank you very much.
Dozo: Please
Dori: Grab
E
Empi: Elbow
Empi Uchi: Elbow strike
F
Fudo: Presence/appearance
Fudo dachi: Rooted Stance
G
Garami: Bend, twist
Garuma: Wheel
Gatame: Lock or hold
Geashi: Reversal
Gedan: Low
Geri: Reap, kick
Gi: Martial arts uniform
Goshi: Hip throw
Gyaku: Reverse, reversal
H
Hai: Yes
Hadake: Naked
Hajime: Begin
Haishu Uchi: Back hand strike
Hane: Springing action done with leg
Hanshi: Senior expert, 'Teacher of teachers', a title bestowed on the most advanced practitioners.
Happo no kuzushi: Forms of off balancing
Hasami: Scissors
Hashi: Bridge
Hidari: Left
Hiki: Pulling
Hishigi: Crush
I
Ippon: One point
Irimi waza: Entering tech
Itami: Pain
Jime: Choke or strangle
J
Jo: Staff
Jodan: High
Joseki: Official place of honor in the dojo
Ju: Gun
Juji: Cross
Ju-jitsu: Power of the mind
K
Kaiten: Rolling
Kagi Tsuki: Hook pinch
Kamiza: Seat of honor for ranking belt
Kane sute: Flying sacrifice
Kansetsu: Joint
Kano: Jigoro Kano, the founder of Judo, whic he adopted from Ju-jitsu
Kappo: System of first aid and resucitation
Kara: Empty
Kara te: Empty hand
Karuma: Wheel
Kata: Specific set of techniques
Kata no nage: Fit ins
Katame: Grappling
Katame waza: Mat work
Katana: Mid-sized Japanese sword
Katsu: Revival techniques
Ki: Spirit/Inner strength, energy
Kiai: Shout with vital energy
Kimi: Lock
Ko: Minor
Koi: Pulling
Komi: Pull
KOSTO: Five basic throws: Kubi nage, O goshi, ippon seoinage, Tai otoshi, O soto gari
Kote: Forearm
Kumite: Sparring
Kuzure: Crumble, Collapse
Kuzishi: Off Balancing
Kyu: Rank of belt lower than Shodan, counting down to the black belts
L
M
Maru: Circle
Mae: Front
Mae-Geri: Front snap kick
Maitta: I give up, submit
Makiko: Winding
Maru: Circle
Mawashi Geri: Roundhouse kick
Mawashi Tsuki: Right hand punch
Meiyo: Honor
Migi: Right
Mokuso: Meditation
Morote: Two arm/two hand
Mushin: Mind of no mind
N
Nage, Waza: Throwing tech
Naka: Inner
Nage: Throw
Neko: Cat
Ne-Waza: Ground fighting tech
Nukite: Spear hand
O
O: Big or major
Obi: Belt
Osae Komi: Hold down
Oshi: Push
Otoshi: Drop
P
Patona: Partner
Q
R
Ranbo Na: Violent
Randori: Free practice
Ranyo: Misuse, abuse
Rei: Bow, Salute
Renshu: Understudy to sensei first to third dan
Ryote: Double or two hand
S
Sankyu: Squatting
Seiza: A traditional, formal kneeling posture
Sempai: Senior
Sensei: Teacher, one born before
Seoi: Back carry
Seppuku: Ritual suicide
Shiai: Contest
Shihan: Master
Shiho: Four corners
Shiho Nage: All direction throw
Shime: Choke
Shimi: Strangulation
Shinai: Bamboo practice sword
Shioko: Nerve
Shisei: Stance
Shodan: First degree black belt
Shuto: Knife hand
Sode: Sleeve
Soto: Outside
Sukashi: Avoiding or evasive
Sute: Sacrifice
Sutemi: Sacrifice the body
T
Ta Take: Strike
Tacawaza: Fighting stance
Tachi: Standing
Tachirei: Standing bow
Tai-Sabaki: Body turning or pivoting
Tanto: Knife
Tatami: Mat
Te: Hand
Te-kubi: Wrist
Tori: Defender
Toru torino: Takedown
Tsuki: Thrust
Tsuki (ske): Punch
Tsuri: Lift
U
Uchikomi: Repition fitting in
Ude Garuma: Armbar
Ue Ni Atama: Overhear
Uke: Attacker
Ukemi: Fall
Uki: Floating
Ura: Back, reverse side
Ushiro: rear, behind
Ushiro Geri: Back kick
V
W
Wakare: Separation
Wake: Armpit
Waki: Side
Wakizashi: Japanese short sword
Waza: Technique
X
Y
Yama: Mountain
Yamai: Stop
Yawara: Control
Yoi: Ready
Yoko: Side
Yoshi: Continue
Yudanshakai: Black belt org
Z
Zanshin: Perfect posture
Zenkutsu Dachi: Forward stance

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