Skip to main content

Resources for Externship Supervisors

About Feedback

Feedback is one of the most important aspects of supervision.  See SIG article about Feedback in Supervision


Why is feedback important?

  • Facilitates learning

  • Increases confidence and independence

  • Ensures higher levels of competency

  • Increases supervisor- supervisee communication

  • Effective methods enhance satisfaction for both supervisee and supervisor

Types of Feedback

  • Summative: Cumulative Assessment  (Midterm/ Final Grades)

  • Formative: Immediate and ongoing assessments; corrections and praise (written feedback, verbal feedback, and documentation edits or examples)

Qualities of Effective Feedback

  • Needs to be accurate, relevant, and timely

  • Trust increases the receiver’s willingness to accept feedback

  • Environment should be open, non-judgmental, and non-threatening

  • Should not be redundant or repetitive and should consider relevant goals

  • Takes receiver learning style into account

  • Praise is preferred by students and can increase confidence

  • Corrective feedback is essential for changes in behavior and advances in skill

  • Combination of positive and corrective feedback is optimal

Feedback should:

  • Provide information how to improve

  • Give rationale for suggested changes

  • Be private, positive, clear, concise and use specific examples

  • Convey respect and concern



Recommendation Letters


Here are some useful links: